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How To Dye Egg Whites Tutorial from Functional Rustic

In honor of the recent midterm election, Veterans Day weekend and the 2nd Annual Veterans Day Craft & Vendor Show that Functional Rustic has the honor of participating in tomorrow – Functional Rustic’s DIY Tutorial for this week is How to Dye Egg Whites. Specifically – how to dye them patriotic colors!

Instead of breaking the bank trying to decorate for your holiday gathering – turn the yummy food you are serving into the decorations!

How to dye egg whites tutorial

How to Dye egg whites Tutorial from Functional Rustic.

How to Dye Egg Whites and Make Festive Deviled Eggs – DIY Tutorial from Functional Rustic

Step One:
Fill a pot about half way with water and bring it to a rolling boil (very bubbly). The water should be able to completely cover all the eggs you are going to boil.

NOTE: When you add the eggs later the water level will increase so make sure you leave room in the pot for the water level to boil and rise later.

Boil water
Add water to a pot and bring it to a rolling boil.

Step Two:
Once the water is boiling add your eggs and boil for 15 minutes (Chicken Egg) 30 minutes (Turkey and Muscovy Duck Egg).

Boil eggs
Once the water is boiling add your eggs.

The Muscovy Duck and Bronze Turkey Eggs are much larger and take longer to cook.

Below is an example of a rolling boil – very bubbly.

Boil Eggs 1
Below is an example of a rolling boil – very bubbly.

Step Three:
Once the eggs are boiled remove them from the water and put them in an ice bath. (An Ice Bath is just a bowl with ice and water in it. The idea is to cool the eggs immediately so they stop cooking. Running them under cold water works too.)

Ice bath
After the eggs cook, add them to an ice bath to cool.

The white-ish egg is from the Muscovy, brown egg is chicken and the speckled egg is from the turkey.

Valencia Merble the Dog is all too happy to help with this tutorial. She loves snacking on the ice cubes!

Step Four:
Once the eggs have chilled you need to remove the shell. I start by tapping the ends on the cutting board so they crack.

Hard Boiled Egg
Crack the bottom of the egg to help remove the shell.

Then, I roll the egg on its side on the counter/cutting board until the sides crack too.

Roll the egg
Roll the egg on the counter to further crack the shell to remove.

The shell easily peels off the chicken egg now. Duck and Turkey eggs – well, I have yet to find a way to get the shell off without removing a lot of the egg white. I use the same approach but it does not turn out as pretty.

Peel the egg
The shell is easily removed from the egg now.

Step Five:
Cut the egg lengthwise and remove the yolk (yellow stuff inside).

Cut the egg
Cut the egg lengthwise.

Set the yolks aside to make the filling later. Don’t be concerned if the yolk looks a little grey. It happens sometimes.

Remove yolk
Remove the yolk and set aside.

Step Six:
Fill a glass with about 1 cup of water and add 3 to 6 drops of food coloring to the water. I chose red and blue to honor the holiday weekend.

Put the egg whites into the colored water to soak for about 30 minutes.

Soak in food colorinng
Soak egg whites in colored water for 30 minutes.

Step Seven:
Mix the yellow egg yolks with miracle whip and yellow mustard. I don’t measure so I honestly cannot tell you how much I used of each. I just mix until it tastes the way I want.
This tutorial is more about teaching you how to make your eggs look festive and less about teaching your proper flavors.  You find different recipes Here . You find the flavors you like and Functional Rustic will teach you how to make it look festive!

Step Eight:
Once 30 minutes have passed on the egg whites soaking in the colored water – remove an egg to see if you like how the color looks. If you want it darker than soak it longer.
Remove the eggs from the colored water and pat the eggs dry with a paper towel.

Step Nine:
Add the yolk filling to the newly dyed egg whites. Fancy people, as I like to call them, put their filling into a plastic bag, cut the corner off, and then pipe the filling into the egg. I am not a fancy person, ha, so I use a spoon.

After my yolk filling is spooned into the egg white (now red and blue) I sprinkle Paprika on top for a little flavor and a bit more color. Smoked Paprika is also delicious (again, find the flavor that best suits you.)

Patriotic egg whites 1
Turn boring eggs into Patriotic Centerpieces.

Step Ten:
Take pictures of your creation and share it with Functional Rustic on Social Media. And of course – eat that festive décor knowing it was your DIY creation!

Written by Sarah Palmer – Owner, Functional Rustic

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Turkey Stole the Ducks Nest! A Functional Rustic Barn Story

who will claim nest.png

Oh No! There is a turkey on the duck nest! Before I share that video though, let’s explore the back story.

Goldie is one of the Muscovy hens of Functional Rustic. In the cold of winter 2017 Goldie laid her first clutch of eggs in the nesting box I built. Actually, the nesting box started as the first duck house I built for my feather babies. This was before I learned how huge these colorful birds grow. They grew out of that box within a few weeks!

I don’t have any pictures of the build process because I created it before I started Functional Rustic. The only power tools I owned at the time I built this was a drill.

I already had sheets of plywood that were 2 feet tall and 8 or so feet long. When I tried to saw them the plywood shredded though. Eeek – can’t have that.

My solution, bend the board back and forth near the place I wanted the board cut. I already had part of the board cut before it started to shred. (it was old, cheap plywood) Just as you might break a long stick in half by standing on the middle and then pulling, I did the same with the plywood.

It wasn’t pretty but it actually worked effectively. I did not need clean lines or the boards to be symmetrical. I just needed to be able to make 3 walls and a floor with it. I used my newly ‘cut’ boards for the bottom, sides and back of the box. I put 1 foot length of 2×4 wood in each corner and screwed my plywood to the 2x4s.

Duck enclosures need a lot of air flow and a way for moisture to escape. In the floor of duck house I drilled small holes so that water, duck poo and other liquids can drain out of the bottom. The holes allowed me to later hose down the enclosure when it needed to be cleaned.

For the roof of my enclosure I used a steel screen from a storm door. That screen top actually dictated the size of the house. I felt so clever when I thought of how to repurpose that screen.

My duck house was going to be inside the barn. I used to keep my ducklings running free in a horse stall in the barn but, I learned that small animals can still harm my feather babies in the stall and I needed added protection for small predators. Because my duck house was indoors I did not need a roof to protect from the elements, just small animals.

I liked the stiff metal top because the birds were going to perch on it. I later learned that they will also poop all over it and anything under the screen. Also, steel or not, with enough force everything bends. It was a learning process. Ha.

You’ll notice I am not showing any pictures… doesn’t exist anymore. These are some big birds. In no time their fat feathery butts managed to bend the steel screen and separate the walls from the 2x4s.

The front of the duck house was my crowing achievement though. Some of the scrap wood that was left behind when we moved in had grooves carved in them and enabled a sliding door to be built without any hinges or attachments. The top and bottom boards were attached to the 2x4s in the front corners and the “door” slid into the grooves perfectly and allowed me to open and close the duck house by just sliding the door.

My babies were safe at last.

But this isn’t a story about the duck house/nesting box. This is the story of Goldie defending her first clutch of eggs from Gladys the Bronze Turkey.

Goldie the Muscovy Hen with some of the Muscovy Ducklings of Functional Rustic.
Gladys, the Bronze Turkey of Functional Rustic.

Goldie laid 12 eggs in the nesting box. I had no idea this was going on until long after she had been sitting on them for awhile. She was still a baby duck in my eyes and I couldn’t fathom my baby having her own babies. Also, it was December in Michigan and well below freezing.

I only figured out what was going on when I realized that I didn’t see her move from that spot for a few days. It was not until she got up to eat one day that saw the eggs. She actually hid them before leaving the nest, but I watched her cover them with straw so her plan was foiled!

Goldie, Muscovy Hen of Functional Rustic.

The plan with the ducks was always to eat their eggs. I don’t want to be a duck breeder, just a mama. Well, like I said before, I didn’t know she had laid the eggs so I had no clue how long they had been sitting there. No way I was gonna risk eating them and finding a duckling.

So, I got on the google machine and learned a great deal. Apparently, Muscovy ducks are known for being broody hens. Broody is a term used to describe a bird that is nesting and sitting on eggs. Some ducks just lay eggs and abandon them or only sit on them for a short period of time and then leave the nest. The broody hen sits on her eggs all day until they hatch.

A hen cannot easily sit on her eggs and eat and drink and poop all at the same time or in the same place. She must get off the nest at some point.

goldie on eggs
Goldie, Muscovy Hen of Functional Rustic on her nest.

Fun fact: a broody hen only poops once a day. Normally the duck poops several times an hour. She still eats similar amounts of food and water. She still has the same amount of waste product to expel from her body. However, when she is broody she drops all of that feces at the same time.

That is a big pile of poo. AND….that poo has been stewing and getting extra ripe all day. So, when it comes out you get the smell of an entire days worth of hot crap being shared all at the same time. Absolutely foul. Fortunately she knows it is gross and gets as far from her nest as possible when she does it.

goldie in window
Goldie, Muscovy Hen of Functional Rustic learning the window isn’t open. Ha.

When she gets up for her daily dose of diarrhea she gorges on food and water. My google search taught me that it is good to keep food and water near the broody mom to be to help her stay strong. Food rich in calcium is also suggested to help promote strong egg production.

I noticed that the longer she stayed on her nest the more orange her caruncle was becoming. By this point I found an amazing discussion board called Back Yard Chickens and started to go there for all my duck questions. There I learned that if a Muscovy is lacking in protein their red caruncle will start to lose color. This is normal, apparently, for a broody hen because of the limits on her ability to hunt for protein while nesting.

Even though I knew it was normal, I felt like such a bad duck mom knowing she was not getting all the nutrients she needed. I did give her, and the other ducks, some grass hoppers. That didn’t go as well as I hopped though.

When I gave them grass hoppers over the summer the ducks chased them all around and it was great show. However, it was below freezing. Did you know that grasshoppers do not live long when it is 15 degrees outside? Well, now I do. Seems pretty obvious now, but at the time I was excited to try and offer them an extra treat. The ducks didn’t seem to understand that the now frozen treat before them was a bug they were supposed to eat. Usually the bugs they hunt are fleeing for their lives.

So, Goldie is being a broody hen and spending all day every day on that nest. She doesn’t even get off the nest to shoo the boys away. And you better believe her tail shake brings all the boys to the yard. (hahaha….that’s funny when you know that Muscovy ducks communicate with tail wiggles instead of quacks. Also, jokes are always funnier when they immediately have to be explained. Ha.)

goldie w eggs
Goldie, Muscovy Hen of Functional Rustic, sitting on her first clutch of eggs.

When Goldie is off of her nest and someone goes near her eggs she gets really low to the ground, sticks her neck out, wiggles her tail furiously and then charges at the intruder. It is quite a sight if you ever get the opportunity to witness it.

Well, Goldie is not the only broody hen in my barn. I have another Muscovy Hen, Amelia Air Duck, and a Bronze Turkey Hen, Gladys.

Amelia Air Duck tried laying some eggs before the weather got cold but she abandoned that nest shortly after starting it. She was no longer broody by the time the snow came. Gladys however, she wanted to be a mom more than anything.

Amelia Air Duck – the first Muscovy Duck of Functional Rustic to fly.

One guy on the discussion board said his Bronze Turkey Hen would get so broody at times that she would sit on rocks if she was not laying her own eggs at the time. hahaha. Can you imagine that sight?

I can, apparently. Gladys did lay eggs, but not many and not for long. Her eggs were big, beautiful and delicious. Since there was no Tom (boy turkey) around to fertilize her eggs there was no point in letting her keep them. She was very upset that I took her egg each day.

She wont let a lack of turkey eggs to keep her from motherly instincts. One day, when Goldie got up for her daily “routine” Gladys confiscated the nest!! She strut over there with a purpose and plopped down immediately. Went into full “boulder” mode as I like to call it. That is when she grabs the ground with her feet tightly and firmly holds her wings in place so you cant move her – much like a boulder.

gladys 1
Gladys, the Bronze Turkey of Functional Rustic.

Gladys stole that nest like a boss. I couldn’t believe it myself. Goldie shared my dismayed. I realize I may be projecting onto the duck, but I swear she gave me a “WTF” look regarding the latest development. She was pissed.

Obviously, I want to find out what happens next. So, I squat down on the floor a few feet from the fray (really on the front lines of the battle) and filmed the great “Retaking the Nest of 2017!”.

Below you can see what unfolded between these two broody hens and how the victor tended the eggs afterward.


Be sure to follow Functional Rustic for daily inspiration and stories from around the barn. Don’t forget to check out the Functional Rustic Store to see what the ducks help me build in the barn.

Written by Sarah Palmer – Owner, Functional Rustic

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